At 2 trillion euros is valued the cost of the reunification of Germany, according to a survey by the research center SED-Straat conducted for the German edition Die Welt on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. The relevant article in the German newspaper noted that the amount of 2 trillion euros is for the sum of funds allocated to the states of former East Germany. 60% to 65% of the amount reflects the difference between the social benefits that East Germans received and taxes paid. Specifically, citizens of the former East Germany received nearly 1.3 trillion euros more than the income that would entitled if there were an independent state.
Approximately 560 billion euros are given extra to local communities and states. Despite the money allocated and invested in the reunification of Germany, found still differences in economic performance between the two parts of the country. The western part of the strongest economy in Germany enjoy greater robustness of the east. This gap is confirmed by official data from the German Statistical Office, based on which the GDP of the Länder in eastern Germany today reflects two thirds of West Germany. At the same time, unemployment is moving to higher levels in the eastern part. MP Christian Democrat (CDU) representing the state of Saxony-Anhalt, Reiner Chaselof expressed his dissatisfaction, because he has recognized or adequately appreciated this great movement of solidarity that we achieved in Germany, but the issue being downgraded to data showing only unilateral transfers.
Analysts point out that these economic differences can not be eliminated immediately, while there is a danger that this gap will intensify in economic performance between East and West Germany. The question raised, also, the economist and former finance minister of Saxony-Anhalt, Karl Heinz Pake. You need to face a future of greater economic differences within Germany, he said at the Die Welt.
The demographic problem should result in a widening of the gap. The regions that once comprised the former East Germany have lost over half a million of inhabitants, who converted to internal migrants over the last decade. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of the Soviet Union there have emigrated almost two million inhabitants of the former East Germany, 13.5% of the total population of this part of the country. During the same period, the population in the western part of Germany has only increased by 6.7%, reinforcing the demographic problem and thus the pressure on the pension system. It is optimistic, however, that this trend of internal migration has been limited as shown by the 2013 data. For the first time, the number of people who moved from the eastern to the western part is around 2000 when it stood at 60,000 on an annual basis for the period 2000-2005.
By Nicole P.